You should studying these continuously.
SU 5 - Story Elements
- Plot - The "something" that happens in the story
- Character - The "someone" in the story.
- Setting - The time and place a story takes place
- Adventure - Not much psychological stuff for these characters. It’s one action-packed scene after another.
- Fable - A brief story, often with animals as the main characters, that teaches a lesson or moral
- Folktale - A brief story of unknown origin that has been passed down through the generations
- Historical Fiction - A story set in a specific time in history
- Mystery - A crime is committed. In finding the criminal, a detective must unravel a web of clues
- Myth - A traditional story that answers basic questions about the world
- Science Fiction - A story set in a time or place where technology has reshaped society in significant ways
- Tall Tale - An ordinary story that has been stretched so far that it becomes ridiculously unbelievable
- Conflict - The main problem the characters face.
- Narrator - The person telling the story
- Flashback - An interruption of the action to explain events that happened earlier
- Climax - The highest point of action in a story, in which a problem must be either solved or accepted
- Subplot - A second, less important story line within the story
- Verbal irony - When a character says one thing but means another like sarcasm
- Situational irony - A contrast between what is expected and what actually happens in the story
- Foreshadowing - a hint at something that will happen later
- First person narrator - a narrator who is in the story; uses personal pronouns like I, me, and we
- Third person narrator - a narrator who is not a character in the story
SU 7 - Logical Relationships
- Inferences - Drawing a conclusion based on what you know and what you read
- Generalizations - A statement that applies to more than one person or thing
- Causes - The something that happens first
- Effects - The result of the cause; happens second
- Cue word for cause/effect - caused by; in order to; led to; since; due to; in response to; because; for this reason; therefore; was responsible for; so; as a result of
- Comparison - Showing similarities and differences
- Contrast - Showing the differences
- Cue words for compare/contrast - SIMILARITIES - alike; also; as well as; both; just as; like; similar; same; too DIFFERENCES - but; different; even though; except; however; instead; not; not like; unlike; though